Monthly Archives: August 2019

History of Military Hats

Military fashion has a long and glorious history. The army’s regalia reflect many nations’ history and their approach to war. Military headgear has changed dramatically over the years, from decade to decade and country to country. The development of military hat has been through a long time, during this process, military hat has undergone earth-shaking changes.

Before the invention of gunpowder, the helmet was the preferred headgear for soldiers. Ancient Greek and Roman soldiers relied on helmets to protect themselves. This practice continued in the middle ages. During the Wars of the Roses in the 15th century, knights wore all-concealing steel helmets with small grilles to breathe. The armor became so heavy that knights often used special cranes to load them onto their horses. But the matchlock musket made this armor useless. By the middle of the Renaissance, armor became lighter and simpler, because no metal could withstand musket balls or artillery. From the 16th century to the 20th century, helmets were replaced with cloth, felt, canvas and silk hats.

With the disappearance of helmets, military headgear became a fashionable statement. By the 17th century, musketeers and cavalry officers preferred soft hats with various sizes of brims. Soldiers usually wear feathers of all sizes and colors on their hats. These unique decorations added a fashion vibe to the hats. The brim was usually fastened to the side of the hat, making shooting a musket easier.

In the 18th century, soldiers wore tri-cornered hats, which was a standard wide-brimmed hat pinned in three places. These hats were very common during the American Revolution. The idea of the tricorne hat was based on siphoning rainwater and protecting the face and eyes from the sun. Soldiers across Europe wore these tricorne hats. Some units, such as the Austrian army, wore this hat throughout the Napoleonic Wars of the early 19th century.

Similarly, the more long-lasting hat worn by the soldiers was the bicorne, which was pinned in two places. The bicorne was originally worn only by officers, just like Napoleon Bonaparte who worn the hat with its ends pointing forward and back or pointing sideways. The wide-brimmed hats were still worn by the soldiers throughout this period, especially among less formal infantry units.

During the Napoleonic Era, the fashion within each army changed. The French soldier wore a hat, which is a tall and conical with a small feather on the brim. The British infantry wore a variation of the shako. Prussians began wearing pointed helmets, a trend that lasted until World War I. By the mid-19th century, troops began wearing “kepi”, a squat visored cap from the American Civil War.

At the beginning of the 20th century, World War I introduced the most deadly weapons known by the western world, including machine guns and poison gas. Soldiers no longer fought face to face on the battlefield, but in a form of stealth and camouflage that has become a feature of modern warfare. Berets, bucket hat, and garrison caps have become the main headgear of the U.S. military, while European countries have adopted similar styles. 

Ultraviolet Rays Damage of the Sun

Fresh air, sunshine and adventure give us a happy, healthy and challenging experience. Although the best benefit of outdoor activities is that we can spend the day in the fresh air and sunshine, it is wise to put on sun-protective clothing so that you can enjoy more fun in the sun.

Invisible to the naked eye, ultraviolet (UV) rays are part of the electromagnetic energy from the sun. Both the longwave of UVA rays and the shortwave of UVB rays can penetrate the earth’s atmosphere and cause damage to our skin. It is estimated that 95% of the radiation reaching the earth’s surface comes from UVA rays. UVA rays can cause wrinkles, sun spots and other signs of premature aging. UVB rays cause sunburn and even skin cancer because they damage the top layer of the skin. The UV index measures the average person’s level of risk of damage from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Sunlight is a major source of ultraviolet radiation. Exposure to UV rays can cause sunburn, premature skin aging and skin cancer. UV rays damage the DNA of skin cells, which can lead to skin cancer. 

Therefore, it’s important to know how to stay out of the sun when you are playing outside. Wearing a UPF sun-protective hat is one of the safest ways to do this. Although there are many types of sun-protective hats on the market, such as straw hats, bucket hats, fedora hats and more. When choosing a hat, make sure it is specifically designed for sun protection and tested to confirm its UPF rating.

UPF is a system that for evaluating the effectiveness of fabrics against both UVA and UVB rays. This rating is a number that indicates the level of sun protection of the hat. The larger the number, the greater the protection. Most of sun hats come with a UPF 50+ protection rating, which is the highest protection rating. A UPF of 50+ hat blocks out more than 98 percent of UV rays, which means less than 2 percent of UV rays reach your skin, reducing your exposure to the sunlight. In general, hats with high UPF ratings and wide brims are especially useful for protecting you from the sun and its rays.    

There are many fair-skinned people who are prone to sunburn and are more vulnerable to UV rays. Even if you have a darker complexion and rarely get sunburn, you can still develop skin cancer. Children’s skin is thinner and more sensitive. Sun damage at an early age also increases their risk of skin cancer later in life. Since 80 percent of skin damage occurs before the age of 18, it’s good to get kids started to wear sunscreen as early as possible. People who spend a lot of time outdoors at high elevations are exposed to more intense UV rays. Because the atmosphere is less capable of absorbing harmful UV radiation, it is important to stay protected at high altitudes.

Thick, dense, and darker fabrics can better reduce the transmission of UV rays. Synthetic fabrics, such as polyester and nylon keep out of the sun more effectively than natural fabrics such as cotton and hemp.